Canine Osteoarthritis: Understanding the Ideal Treatment Options

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Canine osteoarthritis is a relatively common progressive and degenerative disease in dogs. The condition has been linked to congenital disorders as well as general acquired anomalies such as physical trauma. In general, the joints affected by osteoarthritis will become inflamed and the cartilage will wear away progressively. Consequently, the bones in the joints will rub against one another due to the absence of the cushioning cartilage. The common symptoms associated with canine osteoarthritis include pain, lameness, general lack of mobility, limping, stiffness, and even behavioural changes. If your dog has been affected by this disease, here are some of the treatment and management options to consider selecting.

Stem Cell Therapy

Mesenchymal stem cells are special cells in the body which are able to differentiate and develop into other multiple types of cells. The potential formed cells include fat, cartilage, muscle and bone cells. The stem cell therapy used in the management and treatment of canine osteoarthritis uses these cells to promote healing. Basically, the mesenchymal stem cells are harvested from the dog's own body, usually from areas with fatty connective tissues. The biological material is then specially prepared and injected into the bones affected by the degenerative condition. Typically, this procedure is performed under general anaesthetic, and it will reduce the symptoms of osteoarthritis and stimulate healing.

Pharmaceuticals Products

Canine osteoarthritis can be managed using pharmaceutical products. The primary categories of drugs used for this purpose are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) medication and specialised chondroprotective drugs. As implied, the former option consists of drugs with anti-inflammatory effect, so they will relieve swelling around the joints. Consequently, mobility will be easier because there will be reduced pressure. In addition, NSAIDs have an analgesic effect. This means that they can relive pain in dogs, improving the quality of their daily lives.

On the other hand, NSAID usage is not an ideal long-term solution for canine osteoarthritis management. This is because the medication is linked to adverse reactions such as ulcers, liver damage, and vomiting. Chondroprotective drugs are designed to target the damaged joint and prevent continued degradation. This product is in form of an injection, and administration will stop the breakdown of the existing cartilage. In addition, the drug will promote production of joint fluid lubricants and encourage cartilage repair.

Natural Treatment

Natural supplements can be used to manage canine osteoarthritis and promote natural healing. This method involves the administration of nutrients such as chondroitin and glucosamine. These are important ingredients which produce cartilage. Therefore, the ingestion and assimilation by the canine patient will improve cartilage regeneration. 

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20 March 2017

Pam's Pet and Vet Blog

Hello, my name is Pam and I live in Hull, England. I love animals but until last year, I had never owned a pet. When I was a kid, my parents were against me owning a dog or cat. Last year, I left home and got my own place so the first thing I did was head to the pet shop. I found my perfect little friend, a King Charles puppy. I named him Benny and took him straight home. I soon realised that I didn't have a clue what I had to do to keep the dog healthy. Thankfully, I found a great veterinary centre. The vet there gave Benny his jabs and gave me lots of top tips. I decided to start this blog to pass on advice to others.